High Performance Computing refers to the application of modern computing hardware such as large clusters of interconnected classical CPU and GPU based computer systems managed through networks. An upcoming offshoot of this branch is Quantum Computing which is based on the scientific principles of Quantum Mechanics.
In Classical High Performance computing, clusters of individual nodes configured with either single or dual processors, multiple RAM modules&Storage devices
and usually accompanied by single or multiple GPU devices are setup in a parallel configuration to create one massive high performance computing setup. They are commonly referred to as Super Computers and allow for massive processing capabilities needed for a vast range of computationally expensive tasks in a wide range of industries and applications.
Previouslyaccess to such computing setups were limited to Governments and Large Organizations but with the advent of high speed internet access being made available to the masses, Cloud Computing has become a viable option and thus many such clusters are being made available to smaller institutions and organizations for research and development purposes. A lucrativeand evolving business model is being made around Cloud Computing by large Information Technology companies who deploy such Cloud Computing solutions for the general masses. With the advent of Artificial Intelligence technology such solutions are finding great demand by Research Scientists and Entrepreneurs who are developing innovative solutions for much of the challenges faced in the course of scientific development.
With the advancement in computing hardware and GPU technologies, much smaller modules of GPU based configurations are also able to provide for massive computing capabilities thus allowing for a small to medium sized cluster sufficient for in-house Research & Development of small and medium enterprises are also being deployed globally.
Currently, large organizations who were previously the pioneers of Classical Computing and also leading Universities are actively looking ahead to develop and commercialize Quantum Computing solutions which holds the key to unmatched computing capabilities in comparison to Classical Computing.
It is widely believed that such Quantum Computing solutions can be made available to existing research institutions and organizations through a similar cloud computing module. Eventually once we are able to solve the challenges which are encountered in building viable Quantum Computing solutions, it could be that such solutions might be deployed on-site by large organizations in the near future which would propel scientific development and allow for a “quantum leap” literally.